Beyond integration

The role of philia in the migration experience of language teachers in Rio de Janeiro

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-85852503880006810

Palavras-chave:

integration, philia, migration experience, communication

Resumo

After pointing out mainstream migrant integration’s conceptual issues, we use communication theory to argue that researching migrants’ positive discourse about their trajectories depends on analyzing their establishment of philia in the host country. Then, we present a qualitative study with five migrants who work as teachers at a language school in Rio de Janeiro. We explore their experiences according to three categories: connection to Brazilian people, connection to brazility, and identity convergence to Brazil. This paper concludes that although interviewees cite some indicators used to measure integration in mainstream academia (e.g., language and employment) in their discourses about the country, the specific meanings of these factors are understood only by linking them to participants’ intersubjective exchanges and philia in Brazil.

Biografia do Autor

Mohammed ElHajji, Full Professor, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ)

Full Professor, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ). Leader of the research group Diaspotics – Transnational Migrations and Intercultural Communication (UFRJ). Email: mohahajji@gmail.com.

João Paulo Rossini Teixeira Coelho, PhD candidate Université du Québec à Montréal (UQÀM)

PhD candidate in Communication, Université du Québec à Montréal. MA Erasmus Mundus MITRA: Transnational Migrations, Université de Lille. Member of the research group Diaspotics – Transnational Migrations and Intercultural Communication (UFRJ). Montreal, Canada. E-mail: jprossini96@gmail.com.

Referências

AGER, Alastair; STRANG, Alison. Understanding integration: a conceptual framework. Journal of Refugee Studies, v. 21, n. 2, p. 166-191, 2008.

APPADURAI, Arjun. Traumatic exit, identity, narratives, and the ethics of hospitality. Television & New Media, v. 20, n. 6, p. 558-565, 2019.

BERTAUX, Daniel. Les récits de vie. Paris: Nathan Université, 2003.

BIEHL, João. Do incerto ao inacabado: uma aproximação com a criação etnográfica. MANA, v. 26, n. 3, p. 1-33, 2020.

BIEHL, João; LOCKE, Peter (eds.). Unfinished: The Anthropology of Becoming. Durham: Duke University Press, 2017.

CAVALCANTI, Leonardo; OLIVEIRA, Tadeu; SILVA, Bianca G. Relatório Anual OBMigra 2022. Série Migrações. Observatório das Migrações Internacionais; Ministério da Justiça e Segurança Pública/ Conselho Nacional de Imigração e Coordenação Geral de Imigração Laboral. Brasília, DF: OBMigra, 2022.

CAMBRIDGE DICTIONARY. Success. Available at: <https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/dictionary/english/success>. Access on: 15.03.2023.

DELEUZE, Gilles. Conversações. São Paulo: Editora 34, 2017.

ELHAJJI, Mohammed. O intercultural migrante: teorias & análises. Porto Alegre: Editora Fi, 2023.

FAVELL, Adrian. Integration: twelve propositions after Schinkel. Comparative Migration Studies, v. 7, n. 21, p. 1-10, 2019.

______. Intégration: 12 propositions. Swiss Journal of Sociology, v. 47, n. 1, p. 53-69, 2021.

______. Philosophies of Integration: immigration and the idea of citizenship in France and Britain. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2001.

GANTY, Sara. Penser l’intégration des non-nationaux.ales en droits éuropéen et nationaux. Revue du droit des étrangers, n. 204, p. 449-471, 2019.

HOLANDA, Sérgio B. de. Raízes do Brasil. Companhia das Letras: São Paulo, 2014.

LAACHER, Smaïn. L’intégration comme objet de croyance. Confluences, n. 1, p. 53- 63, 1991.

LEÃO, Augusto V.; DEMANT, Peter R. Mobilização política e integração de migrantes no Brasil: os casos Zulmira Cardoso e Brayan Capcha. Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais, v. 31, n. 91, p. 1-20, 2016.

LESSER, Jeffrey. A invenção da brasilidade: identidade nacional, etnicidade e políticas de imigração. São Paulo: Editora Unesp, 2015.

LUNDSTRÖM, Catrin. Creating ‘international communities’ in southern Spain: Selfsegregation and ‘institutional whiteness’ in Swedish lifestyle migration. European Journal of Cultural Studies, p. 1-18, 2018.

MARSH, David; FURLONG, Paul. A skin not a sweater: Ontology and epistemology in political science. In: MARSH, Daniel; STOCKER, Gerry. Theory and methods in political science. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2002, p. 17-41.

MONTANARI, Massimo. Food is culture. Columbia University Press: New York, 2006.

PHILLIMORE, Jenny. Refugees, acculturation strategies, stress and integration. Journal of Social Policy, v. 40, n. 3, p. 575-593, 2011.

PINTO, Amanda L. Da S. O.; BERTOLLI, Bárbara M. de M. A.; FERRAZ, O. K. Miriam. Cultural rights of refugees in Brazil: in search of an effective protection. Direito e Desenvolvimento, v. 8, n. 1, p. 129-146, 2017.

POKER, José Geraldo A. B. Considerações sobre as teorias da integração social e as formas da cidadania. Em Tempo, v. 1, n. 1, p. 44-50, 1999.

REA, Andrea; TRIPIER, Maryse. Sociologie de l’intégration. Paris: La Découverte, 2008.

SAFI, Mirna. Penser l’intégration des immigrés: les enseignements de la sociologie américaine. Sociologie, v. 2, n. 2, p. 149-164, 2011.

SAYAD, Abdemalek. Qu’est-ce que l’intégration?. Hommes et Migrations. Pour une éthique de l’intégration, extraits du colloque de l’ADATE Saint-Martin-d’Hères, 24 e 25 de junho, n. 1182, p. 8-14, 1994.

SCHINKEL, Willem. Against ‘immigrant integration’: for an end to neocolonial knowledge production. Comparative Migration Studies, v. 6, n. 31, p. 1-17, 2018.

SCHWEITZER, Reinhard. Integration against the state: Irregular migrants’ agency between deportation and regularisation in the United Kingdom. Politics, v. 37, n. 3, p. 317-331, 2017.

SCHRÖDER, Ulrike. Comunicação intercultural: uma desconstrução e reconstrução de um termo inflacionário. Cadernos de Linguagem e Sociedade, v. 9, n. 1, p. 38- 49, 2010.

SCHÜTZ, Alfred. O estrangeiro: um ensaio em psicologia social. Espaço acadêmico, n. 113, p. 117-129, 2010.

Setembro de 2015: Bolsonaro chama refugiados de “escória do mundo”. Exame. Online, 22.09.2015. Available at: <https://exame.com/brasil/bolsonaro-chama-refugiados-de-escoria-do-mundo/>. Access on: 01.03.2023.

SILVA, Rayna S. da; INÁCIO, Victor; NEVES, Roberta. As artes como elementos facilitadores da integração sociocultural de migrantes e refugiados. Resgate: Revista Interdisciplinar de Cultura, v. 29, p. 1-21, 2021.

SIMÕES, Gustavo; TAVARES, Carolyne. O ensino de português como língua de acolhimento e como facilitador do processo de integração de imigrantes venezuelanos em Roraima. Monções Revista de Relações Internacionais da UFGD, v. 8, n. 16, p. 279-307, 2019.

SODRÉ, Muniz. The Science of the Commons: A note on communication methodology. Palgrave Macmillan, 2019.

SODRÉ, Muniz; PAIVA, Raquel. Comunitarismo e sociedade incivil. Revista FAMECOS, v. 26, n. 1, p. 1-12, 2019.

SOUZA, Conceição. Refugiados sírios: afeto e comida. In: 7º Encontro de GTs de Pós- Graduação, Comunicon. São Paulo, 9 a 11 de outubro de 2018.

SPREAFICO, Andrea. O que quer dizer “integração” nas sociedades de imigração? Sociedade & Cultura, Goiânia, v. 12, n. 1, p. 127-138, 2009.

WEJSA, Shari; LESSER, Jeffrey. Migration in Brazil: the making of a multicultural society. Migration Policy Institute, Profile, 2018. Available at: <https://www.migrationpolicy.org/article/migration-brazil-making-multicultural-society>. Access on: 02.02.2023.

WIEVIORKA, Michel. L’intégration: un concept en difficulté. Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie, PUF, n. 125, p. 221-240, 2008.

Downloads

Publicado

2023-09-13

Como Citar

ElHajji, M., & Rossini Teixeira Coelho, J. P. (2023). Beyond integration: The role of philia in the migration experience of language teachers in Rio de Janeiro. REMHU, Revista Interdisciplinar Da Mobilidade Humana, 31(68), 149–164. https://doi.org/10.1590/1980-85852503880006810